Hurricane Patricia: How strong is the ‘potentially catastrophic’ storm?

Written by admin on 26/07/2019 Categories: 广州桑拿网

Hurricane Patricia is racing towards southwestern Mexico and the monster storm has been called the strongest tropical cyclone on record, according to the U.N.’s World Meteorological Organization.

So how does it compare to other hurricanes? Well, here’s what we know about the storm so far.

The UN weather agency said Patricia’s maximum sustained winds had increased to 325 km/h, the highest designation on the Saffir-Simpson scale used to quantify a hurricane’s wind strength.

IN PHOTOS: Hurricane Patricia approaches Mexico

Satellite image of Hurricane Patricia, taken on Friday, Oct. 23, 2015.

NOAA/RAMMB/CIRA

This satellite image taken at 8:45 p.m. EDT on Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015 shows Hurricane Patricia, left, moving over Mexico’s central Pacific Coast.

(NOAA via AP)

People throw stones into the ocean as hurricane Patricia nears in the Pacific resort city of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015.

(AP Photo/Cesar Rodriguez)

People preparing for the arrival of hurricane Patricia board up the windows of a seaside business in the Pacific resort city of Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, Thursday, Oct. 22, 2015.

(AP Photo/Cesar Rodriguez)

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The Category 5 storm is being compared by the UN with Typhoon Haiyan, which devastated the Philippines two years ago leaving more than 7,300 people dead or missing. Super Typhoon Haiyan, which struck in November 2013, had estimated wind speeds of 235 km/h and affected roughly 11 million people according to the UN. Patricia’s winds are nearly 100 km/h stronger.

READ MORE: Hurricane Patricia is strong enough ‘to get a plane in the air and keep it flying’

Warnings have been issued along Mexico’s Pacific Coast and the director of the country’s National Water Commission says the storm is powerful enough to lift up automobiles, destroy homes, and will be able to drag people caught outside.

Hurricane Patricia captured on NOAA satellites

The Hurricane Center in Miami warned that storm preparations should be rushed as coastal flooding, destructive waves and flash floods are possible

“This is an extremely dangerous, potentially catastrophic hurricane,” meteorologist Dennis Feltgen told the Associated Press.

The U.S. National Hurricane Center (NHC) said the storm is also expected to bring rainfall of 15 to 30 centimetres, with isolated amounts of up to 50 centimetres in some locations.

IN PHOTOS: Images of the devastation of Typhoon Haiyan

In this Nov. 10, 2013 file photo, a man walks through debris of houses destroyed by Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban city, Leyte province, central Philippines.

AP Photo/Bullit Marquez, File

In this Nov. 15, 2013 photo, some of the estimated 33 million coconut trees toppled by Typhoon Haiyan block a road in Leyte province, Philippines.

(AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

In this Friday Nov. 22, 2013 file photo, a flag of the Philippines flies over a destroyed neighborhood in Tacloban, Philippines.

(AP Photo/David Guttenfelder, File)

Survivors of Super Typhoon Haiyan march during a religious procession in Tolosa on the eastern Philippine island of Leyte. (Philippe Lopez/AFP/Getty Images)

A Filipino man climbs up on a wooden structure as he rebuilds his house in a neighborhood devastated by Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban, Philippines, Thursday, Nov. 21, 2013.

CP Photo

A Philippine Air Force crew looks out from his helicopter over Typhoon Haiyan-ravaged city of Tacloban in Leyte province, Philippines, Tuesday, Nov. 19, 2013.

Dita Alangkara, /AP

A Filipino fireman stands near rows of Typhoon Haiyan victims in body bags on the roadside left for forensic experts to register and bury them in a mass grave outside of Tacloban, Philippines on Tuesday Nov. 19, 2013.

(AP Photo/David Guttenfelder)

In this Nov. 15, 2013 file photo, a Typhoon Haiyan survivor cooks dinner in front of his damaged home in the village of Marabut, Samar Island, Philippines.

(AP Photo/David Guttenfelder, File)

A typhoon survivor walks past the debris-littered Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum which used to house former Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos' collection of art pieces from Philippine national artists Sunday Nov. 17, 2013 at Tacloban city, Leyte province in central Philippines. Typhoon Haiyan, one of the most powerful typhoons ever recorded, slammed into central Philippine provinces Nov.8, leaving a wide swath of destruction and thousands of people dead.(AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)

Bullit Marquez/AP Photo

The NHC is warning Patricia storm could make “potentially catastrophic landfall” in Mexico’s resort town Puerto Vallarta and port of Manzanillo later Friday.

But exactly how powerful is Hurricane Patricia? Here is a look at how this storms measures up to others in recent memory.

Hurricane Sandy

In this Oct. 30, 2012 file photo, a couple surveys the remains of the home owned by the woman’s parents that burned to the ground during Superstorm Sandy in the Breezy Point section of New York.

AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File

An Oct. 31, 1012, file aerial photo shows destruction left in the wake of superstorm Sandy, Wednesday, Oct. 31, 2012, in Seaside Heights, N.J.

(AP Photo/Mike Groll, file)

In an Oct. 30, 2012, file photo a boat floats in the driveway of a home in the aftermath of SuperstormSandy in Lindenhurst, N.Y.

(AP Photo/Jason DeCrow, File)

Sandy was the deadliest and most destructive storm of the 2012 Atlantic hurricane season, which first made landfall in northern New Jersey Oct. 29, 2012 according to NASA.

The Category 3 storm was responsible for at least 147 deaths in the Northeast United States, Canada, and the Caribbean, according to a report by NHC. Superstorm Sandy was also labelled as the second costliest hurricane in U.S. history causing an estimated $50 billion in damage.

“At least 650,000 houses were either damaged or destroyed as a result of the cyclone, with the vast majority of the damage caused by storm surge and/or waves,” the report said.

Despite the devastation wrought along the Atlantic coast the storm made landfall with sustained wind speeds of 95 km/h and gusts of up to 110 km/h, roughly 115 km/h less than Hurricane Patricia.

Hurricane Katrina

This combination of Sept. 11, 2005 and July 29, 2015 aerial photos show the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans flooded by Hurricane Katrina and the same area a decade later.

AP Photo/David J. Phillip, Gerald Herbert

This combination of Oct. 10, 2005 and Aug. 4, 2015 photos shows a tangle of fishing boats blocking the lanes of Highway 23 in Empire, La. after Hurricane Katrina ravaged the region, and the same site a decade later.

AP Photo/Don Ryan, Gerald Herbert

This combination of Sept. 4, 2005 and July 30, 2015 photos show a makeshift tomb at a New Orleans street corner, concealing a body that had been lying on the sidewalk for days in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, and the same site a decade later with an artist’s memorial to the woman known as Vera.

AP Photo/Dave Martin, Gerald Herbert

This combination of Sept. 1, 2005 and July 29, 2015 photos show Harry and Silvia Pulizzano walking across debris from Hurricane Katrina in search of Silvia’s brother’s home in Waveland, Miss., and the same site a decade later.

AP Photo/John Bazemore, Gerald Herbert

This combination of Sept. 2, 2005 and Aug. 14, 2015 photos shows damage to a railroad track in Waveland, Miss., from Hurricane Katrina, and the same site a decade later which is undergoing repairs to drainage pipes underneath the track which were washed out in the historic storm.

AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, Gerald Herbert

This combination of Dec. 10, 2005 and July 28, 2015 photos show Valerie Thomas, of New Orleans, left, and her nieces Shante Fletcher, 6, and Sarine Fletcher, 11, right, looking at the destruction of Valerie’s brother’s home in the Lower Ninth Ward of New Orleans after returning to it for the first time since Hurricane Katrina, and empty lots in the same area a decade later.

AP Photo/Gerald Herbert

The New Orleans Central Business District (CBD) is pictured 09 July 2006 (LEFT) almost one year after Hurricane Katrina flooded this area of the city (RIGHT).

AFP/Getty Images

This Aug. 30, 2005 file photo shows floodwaters from Hurricane Katrina covering a portion of New Orleans.

AP Photo/David J. Phillip, File

On Aug. 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the southern U.S. states of Louisiana and Mississippi and became the costliest natural disaster in American history.

Katrina was the last major hurricane measuring on the Saffird-Simpson scale as a Category 5 with sustained winds of 200 km/h.

The ensuing floods when levees and flood walls protecting New Orleans, Louisiana, failed left more than  80 per cent of the city under water and more than 1.7 million people lost power.

READ MORE: 10th anniversary of Katrina met with church bells, prayers and celebrations

In total, nearly 2,000 people were killed, thousands lost their homes, and it cost the U.S. more than $108 billion, according to the NHC.

The slow response to the storm by the George W. Bush administration and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was heavily criticized and many argued led to a higher death toll. Ten years after the storm parts of New Orleans have yet to be rebuilt.

Hurricane Andrew

A sign in front of a house in the Cutler Ridge area damaged by Hurricane Andrew reads ‘We will survive’ 26 August 1992. Hurricane Andrew left more than 50,000 people homeless and caused billions of dollars of damage.

(ANDREW ITKOFF/AFP/Getty Images)

A group of people sift 28 August 1992 through the rubble of a house that was directly in the path of a 26 August tornado spawned by Hurricane Andrew. Louisiana governor Edwin Edwards has estimated property damage from the hurricane from 70 to 100 million US dollars, and at least 200 million US dollars in damage to the sugar crop.

(PAUL J. RICHARDS/AFP/Getty Images)

Tents are erected 31 August 1992 to house those who were left homeless by Hurricane Andrew. The tents, which are the first of many to be built by the U.S. Armed Forces, are expected to be ready for occupancy as early as 01 September.

(BRUCE WEAVER/AFP/Getty Images)

Andrew, a Category 5 storm, that struck in August 1992 was the first severe hurricane to hit southern Florida in 27 years.

Hurricane Andrew brought  233 km/h winds and gusts up to 273 km/h and a 5-metre high waves. Andrew left more than 44 dead and caused more than $25 billion in damage, mostly in Florida, according to the NHC.

“A combination of good hurricane preparedness and evacuation programs likely helped minimize the loss of life,” the NHC said.

Around 250,000 people were left homeless and the storm was even powerful enough to damage  coral reefs off the Florida coast.

*With files from the Associated Press

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